How mechanized and advanced agriculture could revitalize the Nigerian economy.

Before the oil boom of the 1970s, agriculture was the mainstay of the Nigerian economy. The discovery of crude oil in the south of the country however pushed agriculture to the sideline and made oil the major economic contributor to the nation.

The citizens of the country are left to bear the brunt of a harsh economy resulting from the decline in oil price as western countries continue to seek and develop alternate power sources like wind, solar and other renewable energy sources.

To provide a panacea to the economic mess Nigeria has found herself, the country must retrace its steps and find its way back to agriculture, only this time, in an advanced and highly mechanized form.

Although agriculture is at the centre of the Nigerian economy, providing a source of livelihood for the majority of Nigerians, it has not really reached a stage of production for high mass consumption and sustainable export.

Nigeria’s small farms produce 80% of the total foods and 33% of the country’s land is under cultivation.

Nigeria is Africa’s largest rice consumer. It is mainly small scale farmers who produce rice, sell about 80% of their total production and consume only 20%.

This creates a huge market for the consumption of rice by way of the vast population in Nigeria, as well as the larger continent of Africa.

Nigeria is also the largest producer of cassava in the world. The country produces cassava for 20% of the world, 34% of Africa and 46% of West Africa.

These fields face many challenges because of outdated technology and inadequate storage facilities. These challenges cause agricultural productivity to be poor & increases post-harvest losses.

In order to make Nigeria’s agriculture productivity more sufficient, the government and private sector need to develop ways to enhance cassava’s competitiveness in the international market and improve the efficiency of domestic rice production.

Livestock development is also an important aspect of Nigeria’s agriculture. The domestic production of livestock products is far below the national demand, which causes large imports of livestock and livestock products. The livestock sector can create new opportunities for farmers and provide more affordable and healthier diets for future generations.

Through farming and livestock development Nigeria has a stronghold on its agriculture productivity. With the help of the leaders in this West African country, livestock and farming productivity can hopefully improve enormously. Agriculture in Nigeria is so important to the economy and people’s daily lives that, despite its setbacks, it will inevitably prosper.